Gubbio is a Italian town in province of Perugia, Umbria. Famous for its connection with St. Francis, where he had his true conversion after his meeting with the wolf, Gubbio has different paths traveled by thousands of pilgrims every year. The most famous is call in fact "Way of Assisi."
Medieval city, Gubbio keeps the charm of that period, when the rivalry between neighboring towns (Gubbio was especially against Perugia) and conflicts between Guelphs and Ghibellines could not curb the demographic and economic development of the city, the constructions have left us a indelible mark of those times. The walls and the municipal building, as well as the Doge's Palace, dating from the period of the lordship of Federico da Montefeltro are just some of the evergreen construction that you can see here.
We have selected three historical monuments that you have to see:
The Gubbio Cathedral (Duomo di Gubbio or Basilica of Saints Marian and James martyrs),
built in the late twelfth century.
The fašade was built in the first half of the fourteenth century. Above the pointed doorway is a magnificent, large circular window surrounded by five bas-reliefs depicting the symbols of the evangelists: the eagle of St. John, the ox of Saint Luke, the lion of St. Mark, the angel of St. Matteo. At the center of the tympanum there is the symbol of John the Baptist. Inside you can admire the beautiful stained glass window of the rectangular apse, fourteenth-century frescoes and objects related to the cult. There is also the wooden Christ above the altar that is of great value. In the cathedral houses there is the Diocesan Museum.
The Ducal Palace, was built in the 1470 after the arrival of Federico da Montefeltro and
is the expression of a lifestyle that is inspired by the Renaissance civilization.
The harmonious interior courtyard, highlighted by the shades of the colors of brick and stone, remembered the palaces and yards of Urbino; surely when the palace was built it was gourgeous because the ornaments and the accessories of the Renaissance.
The halls of the palace are decorated with beamed ceilings and monumental fireplaces, while the famous "little study of the Duke", similar to that of the ducal palace of Urbino, is now in the Metropilitan Museum in New York. In the Palace, however, you can admire a valuable copy of the "studio" together with inlays of the door, the coffered ceiling, the stone fireplace and the tiled roofs of the building.
The building is used as a museum and exhibition.
The Consuls Palace is a Gothic building, built in the first half of the fourteenth
The building has a very complicated artculation being set over a square that in reality, taking advantage of the lay of the land, is the coverage of the lower levels of the building itself. The square, supported by great times, is in fact one of the largest squares.
The facade facing the square is made of blocks of stone and the portal bring to arengo, large room in the communal venue for meetings of citizens.
The building is now a museum and there is also a municipal art gallery where you can find the precious Tables of Gubbio.
There is also a kind of iron cage that, in the past, was used to expose to public ridicule thieves and criminals.
Gubbio is a town rich in history and traditions, and its religious festival, the Festa dei Ceri (party of the candles), is an example of this strong and impressive history that permeates throughout the city and its people.
The three wooden structures, the Ceri, are surmounted by statues of St.
Ubaldo, St. George and St. Anthony, respectively protector of masons (as well
as the city's patron), traders and farmers. The candles are carried on the
shoulders by "ceraioli",
which run through the old city following a clear set of rules: the order of the
race is St. Ubaldo, St. George, St. Anthony. The candles can not overcome, if a
candle falls, the other following candles must wait. The Candle only stops on
the established stops. The candles have to run as speed as they can. The goal
of the festival is closely linked to the celebration of the Patron Saint
Ubaldo. This is a tribute him that the two other Candles recognize. The
imperative of every ceraiolo is to
contribute to the success of the run and to respect the rules.
For a man of Gubbio it's very important to bring the Cero.
See this religious festival is an intense and engaging experience, not miss it!
But the city is full of surprises also in the rest of the year. Gubbio
is in fact traditionally called the "town of fools," referring to the
proverbial unpredictability of its people. Is a tradition to confer a license from crazy to those who commit
three full laps around the sixteenth century Fountain of the Mad and for
those who have "baptized" by splashing water (it is very difficult to
do three laps without being "baptized").
Are you bold enough to do that and win the license for crazy?